United Hospital System is a leader in cardiovascular care. We provide the latest tests and procedures to diagnose and treat heart and vascular conditions.
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Blood pressure is the pressure of the blood against the walls of the artery. The higher your blood pressure, the harder your heart must work to pump blood to the rest of your body. Without proper treatment, high blood pressure can lead to many cardiovascular problems, including dilated pumping chamber and valvular defects.
There are two measurements that determine your blood pressure:
In most cases, high blood pressure does not cause any symptoms. Many people assume that it is related to high levels of stress, tension, and nervousness, but the truth is you can be a very relaxed, easy-going person and still have high blood pressure. The only way to know if you are hypertensive is to have your blood pressure checked by your doctor. This should be done routinely. High blood pressure can develop over time, and there are many treatment options available to manage the disease. Prompt treatment can reduce, your risk of stroke, heart attack, kidney failure, and congestive heart failure.
High blood pressure is detected using a blood pressure monitoring device called a sphygmomanometer. Blood pressure varies constantly; so, if your doctor detects high blood pressure on one occasion, he or she will usually take another couple of readings to ensure the measurement is accurate. You may be asked by your doctor to purchase a home B/P monitoring device.
Your doctor will discuss with you a variety of ways to control and/or lower your blood pressure. As with all cardiovascular risk factors, lifestyle changes are sensible, effective ways to reduce your chances of developing cardiovascular disease. To reduce blood pressure in particular, it is essential to:
In some cases, lifestyle changes will not achieve the required results. In this situation, your doctor may discuss medications and/or procedures that can help to reduce your blood pressure.
Central Nervous System (CNS) Active Agents reduce nerve activity which can cause B/P to rise
Cardiac Rehabilitation is a medically supervised, physician prescribed education and exercise program for people with heart disease or with an increased risk of heart disease.